Tag Archives: Office of Inspector General Developments

OIG Moving Ahead on Changes to Anti-Kickback Safe Harbor Protection for Drug Rebates to Plans, PBMs

On July 18, 2018, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for regulatory review a proposed rule entitled “Removal Of Safe Harbor Protection for Rebates to Plans or PBMs Involving Prescription Pharmaceuticals and Creation of New Safe Harbor … Continue Reading

Annual OIG Solicitation of Anti-Kickback Safe Harbor, Fraud-Alert Topic Proposals

Today the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) published its annual solicitation of recommendations for new or modified safe harbor provisions under the federal anti-kickback statute, as well as potential topics for new OIG Special Fraud Alerts. Comments will be accepted until March 2, 2015. In a separate report, the OIG discusses three safe harbor proposals … Continue Reading

OIG Extends Comment Deadline on Permissive Exclusion Criteria

The OIG published a notice today announcing that it is extending the public comment period on its July 11, 2014 notice soliciting recommendations for revising OIG’s non-binding criteria for implementing its permissive exclusion authority under Section 1128(b)(7) of the Social Security Act.  The OIG notes that due to a technical problem, the public may have been unable to submit … Continue Reading

Reed Smith Client Alert: Analysis of HHS OIG Proposed Rule to Amend the Anti-Kickback Safe Harbors, CMP Rules on Beneficiary Inducements & Gainsharing Regulations

The Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has published a major proposed rule that would amend the safe harbors to the Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) and the Civil Monetary Penalty rules to protect certain payment practices and business arrangements from criminal prosecution or civil sanctions under the AKS. Reed Smith has prepared a Client Alert analyzing the proposed rule, highlighting areas where the OIG is seeking public comment. Overall, the OIG appears to recognize that new health care delivery mechanisms demand a more flexible approach to fraud and abuse enforcement than has been the case in the past, as discussed in our analysis.… Continue Reading

OIG and CMS Extend Fraud/Abuse Waivers for Medicare Shared Savings Program/ACOs; Invite Feedback on Waiver Policy

Today the OIG and CMS published a joint notice continuing the effectiveness of fraud and abuse law waivers granted in 2011 in connection with the Medicare Shared Savings Program, which is intended to encourage physicians, hospitals, and certain other types of providers and suppliers to form accountable care organizations (ACOs).  By way of background, in … Continue Reading

OIG Releases Proposed Revisions to Anti-Kickback Safe Harbors, CMP Rules on Beneficiary Inducements & Gainsharing

The OIG has just released a major proposed rule to amend the safe harbors to the Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) and the Civil Monetary Penalty (CMP) rule to protect certain payment practices and business arrangements from criminal prosecution or civil sanctions under the anti-kickback statute.  In particular, with regard to the AKS, the OIG proposes: a technical … Continue Reading

HHS OIG Paints with Broad Brush in Criticizing Drug Manufacturer Coupon Programs

On September 19, 2014, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health & Human Services issued a Special Advisory Bulletin (SAB) in which it identified several potential regulatory risks to federal health care programs as the result of coupon programs used by drug manufacturers to reduce or eliminate patient copayments for brand-name drugs. In the SAB, the OIG explains that coupon program sponsors and pharmacies will risk the receipt of penalties if they do not take steps to actively prevent federal health care program beneficiaries from using the coupons. According to the OIG, these coupon programs qualify as examples of remuneration offered to consumers to encourage the purchase and use of specific items, and therefore implicate the federal Anti-Kickback Statute. In addition, a claim that includes items or services resulting from such a kickback violation would constitute a false or fraudulent claim under the False Claims Act.… Continue Reading

OMB Clears OIG Proposed Rule on Anti-Kickback Safe Harbors, CMPs for Beneficiary Inducements & Gainsharing

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has cleared an HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) proposed rule that would expand the OIG’s Medicare and state health care program fraud and abuse authorities. Specifically, on September 4, 2014, the OMB gave final regulatory clearance to an OIG proposed rule that would add new anti-kickback safe … Continue Reading

OIG Seeks Input on Potential Revisions to its Permissive Exclusion Criteria

The OIG published a notice July 11, 2014 announcing that it is considering revising its nonbinding criteria, established in 1997, outlining the circumstances under which the OIG may exercise its permissive authority under Section 1128(b)(7) of the Social Security Act to exclude an individual or entity from participation in the federal health care programs for engaging … Continue Reading

OIG Proposed Rule Would Expand Civil Monetary Penalty Authority

On the heels of its proposed rule to expand its health program exclusion authority, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services has published a proposed rule that would amend the health care program civil monetary penalty (CMP) regulations. The rule would codify the OIG's expanded statutory authority under the Affordable Care Act to impose CMPs on providers and suppliers and would allow for significant penalties in a variety of scenarios, some of which could extend beyond what is currently permitted. Reed Smith attorneys have prepared a Client Alert summarizing and analyzing the OIG's proposed rule, including the various scenarios under which CMPs could be issued under the proposed regulations, such as: failure to report and return an overpayment; failure to grant OIG timely access to records upon request; ordering or prescribing items or services while excluded from a federal health care program, as well as arranging or contracting with an individual or entity who meets this criteria; making false statements or omitting or misrepresenting material facts in an application, bid, or contract; and failing to submit or certify drug-pricing and product information in a timely manner. In addition, the alert covers the changes in technical language proposed by OIG to clarify and more clearly define the scope of CMP regulations.… Continue Reading

HHS OIG Proposes Expansion of Exclusion Authorities

On May 9, 2014, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published a proposed rule that would significantly expand the exclusion regulations applicable to persons or entities that receive, directly or indirectly, funds from federal health care programs (the Proposed Rule). The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded the OIG's authority for exclusion, and authorized the use of testimonial subpoenas in investigations of exclusion cases. In this Proposed Rule, the OIG incorporates these statutory changes, revises the definitions applicable to exclusions, proposes early reinstatement procedures, and offers a number of proposed policy changes as to when and how exclusions may take place. Reed Smith has prepared a Client Alert that provides an overview of the Proposed Rule, including: proposed revisions to definitions; new grounds for exclusion; clarifications to existing regulations to add mitigating and aggravating factors; early reinstatement procedures; and proposed procedural changes in the OIG's exclusion authorities In particular, we discuss the OIG's assertion that there should be no statute of limitations within which it would have to seek exclusion. This limitless look-back authority could place a tremendous burden on providers and suppliers, since their conduct and compliance efforts could be second-guessed many years into the future, when supporting documentation and witnesses may be long gone. We also discuss how these proposed changes to the OIG's exclusion authorities could impact the debarment authority applicable to government contracts more generally.… Continue Reading

Reed Smith Client Alert: CMS/OIG Extend Protections for Electronic Health Record Donations

As previously reported, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published final rules in December amending Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) and Stark Law regulations permitting certain arrangements involving the donation of interoperable electronic health record (EHR) software or information technology and training services.  Reed Smith has prepared a … Continue Reading

OIG Seeks Anti-Kickback Safe Harbor, Fraud-Alert Topic Proposals

The Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has published its annual solicitation of recommendations for new or modified safe harbor provisions under the federal anti-kickback statute, as well as potential topics for new OIG Special Fraud Alerts.  Comments will be accepted until February 25, 2014. For a … Continue Reading

Final Rules Issued Extending Protections of Electronic Health Record Donations

On December 27, 2013, the Office of Inspector General and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services each published, in the Federal Register, a final rule that amends regulations protecting, from the Anti-Kickback Statute and Stark law, certain arrangements related to the donation of interoperable electronic health records (EHR) software or information technology and training services related to such EHR software. Among these amended regulations was the extension of protections of the Stark law exception and the Anti-Kickback safe harbor from December 31, 2013 to December 31, 2021 (the "sunset" provisions).… Continue Reading

OIG Call for Medicare Part B Drug Rebates Rejected by CMS

A new OIG report estimates that Medicare could realize significant savings if drug manufacturers were required to pay rebates on Medicare Part B drugs, similar to rebates under the Medicaid program. Specifically, Medicare could have collected $3.1 billion in 2011 if manufacturers had been required to pay rebates based on average manufacturer price (AMP) for 60 … Continue Reading

OIG Report Examines Critical Access Hospital Qualifications

Almost two-thirds of critical access hospitals (CAHs) would not meet Medicare CAH location requirements if they were required to re-enroll today, according to the OIG. Many of these rural hospitals were permanently exempted from CAH distance requirements under previous authority of states to designate “necessary provider” (NP) CAHs. Medicare reimburses CAHs at 101% of their reasonable … Continue Reading

OIG Focuses on Improper Medicare Diabetes Test Strip Payments

A recent OIG report examines the extent of improper Medicare reimbursement for diabetes test strips (DTS), including the effect of mail-order DTS being subject to competitive bidding in nine geographic areas beginning in 2011 (CMS subsequently implemented a national competitive bidding program for mail-order DTS, effective July 1, 2013). According to the OIG, in 2011, … Continue Reading

OIG Reports Point States to Potential Medicaid DMEPOS Savings

Two recent OIG reports point out the savings that state Medicaid programs could attain if they based reimbursement for DME, prosthetics, orthotics, and supplies (DMEPOS) on Medicare competitive bidding payment amounts – although at least one state is pushing back on this idea. In the first report, “Medicaid DMEPOS Costs May be Exceeding Medicare Costs … Continue Reading

OIG Seeks Improvements to RAC Program, Enhanced CMS Efforts to Stop Improper Medicare Payments

The OIG has called on CMS to strengthen activities to prevent improper Medicare payments, including enhancements to the Recovery Audit Contractor (RAC) program. For instance, the OIG notes that RACs identified half of all claims they reviewed in FYs 2010 and 2011 as having resulted in improper payments totaling $1.3 billion. While CMS took corrective … Continue Reading

OIG Urges CMS Action on Medicaid Drug Pricing Changes in Preparation of ACA Enrollment Expansion

In a recent report, “Medicaid Drug Pricing in State Maximum Allowable Cost Programs,” the OIG examines options for controlling state Medicaid prescription drug costs, particularly given a surge in Medicaid enrollment expected in the coming years as a result of the ACA. The OIG highlights the value of state Maximum Allowable Cost (MAC) programs as … Continue Reading

Medicare Billing For Cancelled Elective Surgeries

The HHS Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has issued a report entitled “Medicare Could Save Millions by Strengthening Billing Requirements for Canceled Elective Surgeries.” Based on a review of 100 claims, the OIG estimates that Medicare made $38.2 million in Part A inpatient hospital payments in calendar years 2009 and 2010 for short-stay, canceled … Continue Reading

OIG Questions Hospital Use of Observational Stays

A recent OIG report examined “Hospitals’ Use of Observation Stays and Short Inpatient Stays for Medicare Beneficiaries.” The report was conducted in response to concerns about hospitals’ use of observation stays, which may be resulting in Medicare beneficiaries paying more as outpatients than if they were admitted as inpatients, and which may prevent beneficiaries from qualifying … Continue Reading

OIG Examines Clinical Trial Data and Safety Monitoring Boards

The OIG has issued a report entitled “Data and Safety Monitoring Boards in NIH Clinical Trials: Meeting Guidance, But Facing Some Issues.” The report examines the effectiveness of data and safety monitoring boards (DSMB) – or committees of experts that provide ongoing reviews of clinical trial data to ensure the safety of study subjects and … Continue Reading

OIG Final Rule on Data Mining by State Medicaid Fraud Control Units

On May 17, 2013, the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) published a final rule amending current regulations prohibiting State Medicaid Fraud Control Units (MFCU) from using federal matching funds to identify fraud through screening and analyzing State Medicaid data (known as data mining). In order to “support and modernize MFCU efforts to effectively pursue … Continue Reading
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