On May 12, 2014, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published a final rule that reforms federal health policy regulations that CMS has identified as unnecessary, obsolete, or excessively burdensome on health care providers and suppliers. The rule also is intended to eliminate or reduce requirements that impede quality patient care or that divert resources away from providing high quality patient care. CMS estimates that the rule will result in annual recurring savings of about $660 million, plus a $22 million one-time savings to long-term care facilities from a sprinkler deadline extension. Highlights of the wide-ranging rule include the following:

  • Two provisions of the rule address imaging services offered in ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs) and hospitals. First, CMS is reducing the requirements that ASCs must meet in order to provide radiological services to patients. Under the new rule radiology services performed as an integral part of surgical procedures in a ASCs are no longer required to be supervised by a radiologist. Instead, the ASC’s governing body must appoint an individual qualified in accordance with state law and the ASC’s policies who is responsible for assuring that all radiologic services are provided in accordance with the ASC Conditions of Coverage. Second, CMS is modifying hospital requirements for in-house preparation of radiopharmaceutical to remove the “direct” supervision requirement; that is, while the preparation remains under the general supervision of a pharmacist, doctor of medicine, or doctor of osteopathy, their physical presence will no longer be required during the delivery of off-hour nuclear medicine tests.
  • CMS is permitting qualified dietitians and qualified nutrition professionals to order patient diets under the hospital conditions of participation.
  • The rule eliminates a requirement that critical access hospitals (CAHs), rural health clinics, and federally qualified health centers (FQHC) have a physician on site at least once in every two-week period. It also eliminates the requirement that a CAH develop its patient care policies with the advice of at least one member who is not a member of the CAH staff.
  • Under the rule, long-term care facilities may apply for an extension of the August 13, 2013 deadline for installing automatic sprinkler systems.
  • The rule removes a redundant transplant center data submission requirement. In addition, the rule eliminates an automatic re-approval survey requirement for transplant programs, which CMS states will allow the agency to better focus survey activities.
  • CMS makes a number of clarifications pertaining to CMS regulations governing proficiency testing (PT) referrals under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988, including establishing policies under which certain PT referrals by laboratories would not generally be subject to revocation of a CLIA certificate, clarifying the restriction on referrals of PT samples to other laboratories, and revising the standard for what constitutes an “intentional” referral of PT samples.
  • Other issues addressed in the rule include, among others, hospital reclassification of swing-bed services, the composition of hospital medical staff and hospital governing bodies, and practitioners permitted to order hospital outpatient services.