On December 19, 2011, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) published a proposed rule (the “Proposed Rule”) related to section 6002 of the Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as the “Physician Payment Sunshine Act” (so referenced herein, or as the “Act”). The Physician Payment Sunshine Act requires applicable manufacturers of drugs, devices, biologicals, or medical supplies covered under Medicare, Medicaid, or CHIP to report annually to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (“Secretary”) certain payments or other transfers of value to physicians and teaching hospitals. Additionally, applicable manufacturers and applicable group purchasing organizations (“GPOs”) must report certain information regarding the ownership or investment interests in them that are held by physicians or their immediate family members.

The Proposed Rule comes more than two months after CMS’s statutory deadline of October 1, 2011. CMS proposes an expansive reading of its statutory authority, arguably extending reporting requirements to manufacturers and payments not contemplated by Congress. Moreover, while offering some much-needed clarification regarding certain tracking and reporting obligations under the Act, it leaves many questions unanswered. Indeed, CMS solicits comments on almost every aspect of the Proposed Rule – 60 topic areas in all. Accordingly, significant ambiguity still remains in terms of compliance with certain aspects of the Act. Comments to the Proposed Rule are due no later than 5 p.m. ET February 17, 2012.

This Client Alert outlines the guidance and proposals included in the Proposed Rule. As further discussed in this Alert, CMS has delayed implementation of tracking requirements under the Physician Payment Sunshine Act, but applicable manufacturers and GPOs still are advised to continue to prepare for implementation of the Act, potentially occurring during this calendar year 2012. Applicable manufacturers and applicable GPOs may do so by taking steps to ensure that tracking and reporting systems conform to the requirements of the Act and the Proposed Rule, to the extent clarity is currently available, and by closely monitoring future CMS guidance in this area.

To read the full Alert, click here.