On October 15, 2010, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) published an interim final rule with request for comments establishing the administrative policies and procedures for the CICP, as authorized by the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREP Act). The CICP provides benefits to certain persons who sustain serious physical injuries or death as a direct result of administration or use of covered countermeasures identified by the Secretary, such as vaccines, antibiotics, or devices used to protect against pandemic influenza anthrax, botulism, smallpox, and acute radiation. In addition, the CICP may provide death benefits to certain survivors of individuals who died as the direct result of such covered injuries or their health complications. The rule is effective October 15, 2010. The Secretary will consider comments received by December 14, 2010 in deciding whether to amend the current procedures and requirements.