The OIG recently reported that while medical schools and hospitals offering physician residency or fellowship programs are not currently required to provide instruction on compliance with Medicare and Medicaid laws aimed at preventing fraud and abuse, many do so voluntarily. Specifically, 44% of medical schools and more than two-thirds of institutions offering residency and fellowship programs reported providing instruction to students/participants on Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse laws in 2010. In the report, “Medicare and Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Training in Medical Education,” the OIG announced its intention to prepare fraud and abuse educational materials for medical schools and institutions offering residency and fellowship programs.