As widely reported in the media, on October 14, 2010, a federal judge in Florida ruled that he will allow a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act to proceed. The lawsuit argues that the ACA’s individual mandate that people buy health insurance or else pay a penalty exceeds Congress’s authority under the Commerce Clause. Judge Roger Vinson agreed, holding that Congress is attempting to regulate not interstate commerce but economic inactivity by requiring individuals to purchase a private product “based solely on citizenship and on being alive.” Judge Vinson ruled that the plaintiffs “have at least stated a plausible claim that the line has been crossed” concerning the outermost bounds of federal power under the Constitution. Litigation pending in Virginia has also been allowed to proceed, while a U.S. District Court judge in Michigan dismissed a separate challenge to the litigation, raising the likelihood that the constitutionality of the law will need to be resolved by the U.S. Supreme Court.