The House Ways and Means Subcommittees on Health and Oversight held a hearing June 15, 2010 on “Reducing Fraud, Waste and Abuse in Medicare.” At the hearing, witnesses from relevant government agencies reviewed recent enforcement efforts and key provisions of the new health reform law aimed at combating health care fraud. Of note, the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) discussed its plans to launch a program later this year to conduct compliance training programs for providers, compliance professionals, and attorneys on ways methods to identify fraud risk areas and compliance best practices to enable providers to strengthen their compliance efforts. Other recent Congressional hearings have focused on “Promoting the Development of Antibiotics and Ensuring Judicious Use in Humans” and the “National Institutes of Health in the 21st Century.”