The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has released a report entitled “Medicare: Improvements Needed to Address Improper Payments in Home Health.” The report examines the growth in Medicare home health spending and utilization linked to upcoding and other fraudulent practices, concentrating on a review of home health agencies (HHAs) in California, Florida, Louisiana, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah. The GAO recommends that CMS: consider verifying the criminal history of key officials named on an HHA enrollment application; provide additional information to physicians who’s identification number was used to certify HHA plans of care; direct CMS contractors to conduct postpayment medical reviews on claims submitted by HHAs with high rates of improper billing identified through prepayment review; and issue rules to expand the types of improper billing practices that are grounds for revocation of billing privileges.