On December 19, 2008, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published a final rule implementing provisions of the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 related to state auditing and reporting of Medicaid disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments, effective January 19, 2009. CMS also published a separate notice announcing the final federal share DSH allotments for federal fiscal year (FY) 2007 and the preliminary federal share DSH allotments for FY 2009. The notice also announces the final FY 2007 and the preliminary FY 2009 limitations on aggregate DSH payments that states may make to institutions for mental disease and other mental health facilities.