On July 23, 2008, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce approved H.R. 6357, the “Protecting Records, Optimizing Treatment, and Easing Communication through Healthcare Technology Act of 2008.” The legislation seeks to promote nationwide adoption of a Health Information Technology (HIT) infrastructure and encourage the use of an electronic health record for each person in the United States by 2014. H.R. 6357 would: make permanent the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; establish incentives for exchanging health information electronically; and provide safeguards to protect the privacy of an individual’s health information. The bill also would extend federal privacy law to entities that do business with providers, such as quality review organizations and entities that store and manage a provider’s electronic health information.